8 Eye Problems Caused By Diabetes — And What You Can Do About Them

People with diabetes have many challenges to overcome on a daily basis, including being at risk of experiencing eye problems. High blood sugar can lead to a range of disorders that include blurred vision, cataracts, and glaucoma. If untreated, these disorders can ultimately lead to blindness.

While this can be very frightening, the good news is that most of these issues are often easily treatable with high success rates when caught in time. This underscores the importance of getting your eyes checked and scheduling regular comprehensive eye exams. Below are eight eye problems that people with diabetes may experience. Look out for these issues, and let your doctor know if you have any concerns.

8. Blurred Vision

People with diabetes often experience drastic fluctuation in their blood-sugar levels. The persistent rise in sugar causes the lens of the eye to distort and the patient experiences blurred vision. This condition generally corrects itself when the patient’s blood sugar returns to normal levels, though this can sometimes take up to three months. Maintaining a healthy diet with a consistent glucose level and getting regular exercise are the best ways to prevent and treat this condition.

7. Glaucoma

While glaucoma strikes people without diabetes, it occurs in those with diabetes 40 percent more frequently. The longer a person has diabetes, the greater their likelihood of experiencing this disorder. Glaucoma occurs when pressure builds up in the eye. The pressure interferes with drainage of the aqueous fluid, causing it to slow down and build up in the anterior chamber of the inner eye. The pressure pinches the blood vessels that carry blood to the retina and optic nerve, causing damage that leads to vision loss. Common forms of treatment include drugs that relieve the pressure on the eye, as well as surgery, if necessary.

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