8 Eye Problems Caused By Diabetes — And What You Can Do About Them

6. Cataracts

A cataract is characterized by a gradual clouding of the eye’s lens, which may become so cloudy that light does not pass through. This condition often strikes people who don’t have diabetes, but those with diabetes are 60 percent more likely to develop the disorder. They may experience it earlier in life and may also have more severe cases. Cataracts are usually detected by a physician during a routine eye exam. Treatment can range from prescription eyeglasses and eye drops in mild cases to surgery in more severe cases. If surgery is required, the lens is removed from the eye and replaced with an artificial one. The procedure is done on an outpatient basis and is often very successful.

5. Retinopathy

People with diabetes face an increased risk of experiencing diabetic retinopathy. This occurs when high blood-sugar levels damage the tiny blood vessels in your retina, or the light-sensitive tissue at the back of your eye. It causes the blood vessels to swell and leak fluid into the retina. If undetected and untreated, diabetic retinopathy can lead to blindness. Early detection is crucial, and in some instances, may even save your vision, which is why regular comprehensive eye exams are important. Controlling glucose levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol are also effective in preventing the onset of diabetic retinopathy.

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