9 Key Terms That Could Make or Break Your Understanding of Diabetes

With a diabetes diagnosis, a patient may be flooded with a wealth of new information. Along with treatment guidelines, the diagnosis often comes with a set of new medical terms that may be complicated or difficult for the patient to learn. But don’t let it make you feel too overwhelmed or confused. With a solid understanding of diabetes terminology, it’s easier to visualize what’s happening with your body and make sense of your treatment plan. Here are a few key terms associated with diabetes that may help you better understand the disease.

9. Glucose

Glucose is a form of sugar that the body produces; it’s used by cells for energy. People with diabetes often have high levels of glucose in the blood because their bodies cannot use it efficiently.

Photo: Flickr/Agência Brasil Fotografias

8. Insulin

Insulin is a hormone that’s made by the pancreas. It helps the body turn carbohydrates into glucose, and helps the cells absorb the glucose. People with diabetes either don’t produce enough insulin or their bodies are unable to use it correctly or efficiently.

Photo: Flickr/Alan Levine

7. Bolus Secretion and Bolus Insulin

The bolus secretion is the amount of insulin that the pancreas releases into the body after a meal to help with carbohydrate processing. People with diabetes may not release this insulin, so the doctor may recommend bolus insulin: a fast-acting burst of insulin taken at mealtimes to help keep blood glucose levels under control.

Photo: Flickr/rachellynnae©

Click ‘next’ to read on and learn more important terms associated with diabetes.

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