Scientists have discovered a potential treatment for type 2 diabetes in bones. Researchers found that bone breakdown is essential for keeping blood sugar levels normal from the release of the hormone osteocalcin that stimulates insulin release in the pancreas. The discovery could lead to new treatments for type 2 diabetes from bones.
The study highlights how important bone destruction and new growth, a process called resorption, is for controlling blood sugar levels. Individuals with type 2 diabetes have impaired production of insulin. Without insulin, glucose fails to enter the cells of the body where it is used for energy. Osteocalcin acts to turn on insulin release in the pancreas and boosts the cell’s ability to use glucose.
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