Top 10 Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes

3. Sedentary Lifestyle

It’s hard to go a day without hearing about how we all need to exercise more. It’s true—increases in technology have made daily life less physically demanding, and we tend to sit more and move less.

Activity uses up glucose stores, burns calories, and increases insulin sensitivity. It also increases energy and self-confidence. Just one exercise session can improve glucose regulation, but going back to inactivity decreases the body’s ability to regulate glucose. For “substantial health benefits” the CDC recommends 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise a week. That’s 5 workouts of 30 minutes each. More is better, but less can still have a positive impact on your health!

Photo: AdobeStock/Rido
Photo: AdobeStock/Rido

4. Ethnicity

Certain ethnic backgrounds are at greater risk for type 2, heart disease, and stroke. The American Diabetes Association tells us that African Americans, Mexican Americans, American Indians, Native Hawaiians, Pacific Islanders, and Asian Americans are at higher risk. The reason these groups are at higher risk are not fully understood.

Photo: AdobeStock/
Photo: AdobeStock/

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5. Age

While type 2 is increasing among youth, risk is greater in people 45 and over. In 2012, Americans aged 45 to 64 had greater rates of type 2 diagnosis than those over 65 or aged 22 to 44.

Photo: AdobeStock/Halfpoint
Photo: AdobeStock/Halfpoint

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