Everything You Wish Your Friends and Family Knew About Diabetes
“If you get diagnosed as a child, you have Type 1, and if you have Type 1, you were diagnosed as a child.”
More adults are being diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes, and more children are being diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. The rules are confusing, and can sometimes change.
“Diagnosis is a fairly simple task.”
Both Type 1 and Type 2 are diagnosed with a series of tests: a measurement of fasting blood sugar, a Hemoglobin A1c test, and a glucose tolerance test. The A1c test measure blood sugar levels over the previous few months and glucose tolerance measures levels after the patient consumes a sugary beverage. To determine whether an individual has Type 1 or Type 2, a blood analysis is performed to measure the presence of antibodies, which attack insulin-producing cells. However, a Type 2 diagnosis is often given based upon risk factors. Unfortunately, despite the testing process, misdiagnoses still occur and people are occasionally treated for the wrong type.
“People with diabetes should eat special diabetic foods and never consume sugar.”
What is traditionally considered to be a healthy diabetic diet is typically a diet that is healthy for everyone. It’s important to moderate fat and refined sugar consumption, to get plenty of whole grains, fruit, non-starchy vegetables, and healthy fats, combined with exercise. Sweets can be consumed, in moderation (as recommended for anyone). Special “diabetic” foods rarely have a profound effect on a person’s condition, and are most likely a waste of money. It’s a much better investment in your health (and easier on your wallet) to stick to the healthy, balanced diet recommended to everyone.